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Asian Indentured Labor in the 19th and Early 20th Century Colonial Plantation World  

Richard B. Allen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The period between the mid-1830s and early 1920s witnessed the migration of some 3.7 million Africans, Chinese, Indians, Japanese, Melanesians, and other peoples throughout and beyond the ... More

Monetary History of East Asia  

Ulrich Theobald

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
East Asian monetary systems were traditionally based on commodity monies, the most famous of which were round copper coins (Cash) with a square central hole, and silver ingots (Tael, from ... More

Origins of British India  

Tirthankar Roy

The origin of British India can be traced to warfare in 18th-century Europe and India, trade-related conflicts and disputes, and the East India Company’s business model. The state that ... More

Parsi Traders in Western India, 1600–1900  

Lakshmi Subramanian

The Parsi community enjoyed a special status in western India as enterprising traders, who were quick to appreciate the advantages of the British connection especially in driving a huge ... More

Ships and Shipping in Southeast Asia  

Pierre-Yves Manguin

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Southeast Asian polities were destined to play an active role in the world economy because of their location at the crossroads of East Asian maritime routes and their richness in ... More

Sugar Industry in Colonial Indonesia  

Roger Knight

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

The Canton Trade, 1700–1842  

Paul A. Van Dyke

Online publication date:
May 2017
In 1684, China reopened its doors to trade with the outside world, which had a huge impact on the development of global commerce. Canton quickly emerged as one of the few ports in the ... More

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