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Modern Bangladesh  

Iftekhar Iqbal

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Bangladesh is a relatively young state with an agile political heart. Its emergence in 1971 as an independent state accompanied the familiar elements of modern polities, as reflected in ... More

Feminism in Japan  

Barbara Molony

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Gender, Japan
Japan’s first movement for civil rights emerged in the 1870s, and a small number of women were part of it. Women’s legal status was significantly inferior to men’s in the pre–World War II ... More

The 1989 Tiananmen Movement and Its Aftermath  

Rowena Xiaoqing He

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
In spring 1989, millions of Chinese took to the streets calling for reforms. The nationwide movement, highlighted by a hunger strike in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, ended on June 4 with ... More

South Korea’s Economic Development, 1948–1996  

Michael J. Seth

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
At its independence in 1948, South Korea was an impoverished, predominately agricultural state, and most of the industry and electrical power was in North Korea. It faced a devastating war ... More

Modern Cambodia Since 1863  

John Tully

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Modern Cambodian history begins with the creation of the French Protectorate in 1863. Until the 15th century, Cambodia was a regional great power, but by the late 18th it faced extinction ... More

China and the Asian World, 1500–1900  

Matthew W. Mosca

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Subject:
China, Political
China’s relations with the Asian world between 1500 and 1900 were shaped by a variety of political, economic, and cultural factors. A common denominator in these international ... More

Khojas of Kashgar  

Alexandre Papas

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The Khojas of Kashgar name a Sufi lineage, which became a ruling dynasty in eastern Turkestan or present-day Xinjiang in western China. Founded by the Samarkandi spiritual master Ahmad ... More

Japanese Empire in Manchuria  

Emer O'Dwyer

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Japan, Political
China’s three northeastern provinces (Fengtian, Heilongjiang, and Jilin) were transfigured by Japanese imperialism in the opening decades of the 20th century. South Manchuria and the ... More

Japanese Empire in Hokkaido  

Philip Seaton

The temporal span of the Japanese Empire is most commonly given as 1895–1945, from the acquisition of Taiwan following Japan’s victory in the First Sino-Japanese War to Japan’s defeat in ... More

Intellectual Trends in Imperial China  

Chang Woei Ong

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
In a letter to his friend Wang Hui王回 (1023–1065), the great Song dynasty (960–1279) politician, scholar, thinker, and writer Wang Anshi王安石 (1021–1086) makes a distinction between the ... More

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